Caistor Roman Town ‘Venta Icenorum’ (Market Place of the Iceni) is one of only three Roman towns that has survived to such an extent without disturbance from modern development. Norfolk and north Norfolk were home to the Iceni prior to Roman settlement. It is likely that they had a tribal settlement near to Caistor. The Iceni were led by Queen Boudica who rebelled against Roman rule in AD61.
It was after this rebellion was suppressed that the Roman Town at Caistor was established to bring stability to the area. The town streets were planned in a rectangular grid pattern. In the late AD 200s, a massive flint wall 6 metres high and an outer ditch were built to defend the town centre.
To the south of the town aerial photography has revealed evidence that suggests the site of an oval amphitheatre used for public entertainment. Caistor’s main entrance was probably on the western side, where the major Roman road from the river crossed the river into the town. That road, now the A140 through Long Stratton and Scole, is still a main route into the region from the south, nearly 2000 years later.
[account taken from leaflet produced by English Heritage and South Norfolk District Council]
The site is owned by the Norfolk Archaeological Trust and managed in partnership with South Norfolk District Council.
Dr William Bowden of the University of Nottingham's Department of Archeology is currently conducting a research project on behalf of Nottingham Univeristy, South Norfolk District Council, the Norfolk Archaeological Trust and the Norfolk Museums and Archaeology Service and English Heritage .
More information on this project and the Roman Town can be found here .